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Oxygen For Infertility

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In a study by BioBarica, it is estimated that between 15% and 25% of couples suffer from infertility. Among that percentage, 39% comes from the female part and 20% from the male part. A woman’s fertility reduces naturally with age because the quality of oocytes and the ovarian reserve decreases. A healthy and fertile woman of 30 years old has only a 20% chance of pregnancy regardless of the method chosen but after the age of 40, chances reduce to 5%.

There are also some cases of infertility, both feminine and masculine, that come from different pathologies such as endometriosis, in the case of women, and erectile dysfunction in male patients. However, the fertility field has paid special attention to hyperbaric medicine because of the benefits of oxygen.

Can HBOT treat infertility in Women?

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) promotes a significant increase of oxygen in blood which results in better functioning of the organism, stimulating development of new blood vessels (angiogenesis) and regulating oxidative stress. When there is an excess of oxygen in tissues and organs, a better environment is created for fertilisation to occur correctly and enhance assisted fertility treatments.

There are various causes for infertility, and there is no one biggest cause for infertility. For patients who suffer from endometriosis, the anti-inflammatory effect of HBOT helps to reduce the inflammatory response of TLR4 in different organs, reducing the chronic inflammation at the systemic level. 

How Does It Help?​

According to Biobarica’s research on HBOT for infertility, it states that HBOT can help with improving ovulation and ensure the quality of the ovule for women. The preparation of the endometrium and the quality of it for implantation is also bettered with the contribution of HBOT. Oogenesis, in the human reproductive system, refers to the growth process in which the ovum matures. In order for oogenesis to take place, angiogenesis and sufficient blood flow in the ovary is necessary. Several trials have demonstrated that oxygen is essential for the meiosis of the oocyte and individuals who have better blood flow tend to be better candidates for IVF. HBOT helps with the formation of new blood vessels, proving it to be beneficial for improved blood flow. 

Exploring options - IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation)

What is IVF? 

IVF is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology consisting of a complex series of procedures in which mature eggs are retrieved from ovaries and fertilised by sperm in a lab. IVF is a treatment for infertility or genetic problems. However, it proves to be quite invasive which is why, if performed to treat infertility, individuals and their partners are encouraged to try less-invasive treatment options before attempting IVF. 

Though science has proven IVF to be a good and effective option for many who have infertility and genetic issues, the series of procedures come with its own set of risks due to its invasive nature. Side effects for injectable fertility medicines, risks of egg retrieval risks associated with embryo retrieval as well as a more complicated pregnancy are definitely some considerations for individuals looking at IVF as a treatment option. 

Male infertility

Infertility in men can be presented by genetic conditions, erectile dysfunction, or bad habits, such as smoking and obesity – all of which affect sperm quality. Sperm mitochondria produce energy for the movement of the sperm and are necessary for sperm functionality, the movement of the tail for the scrolling, as well as regulating oxidative balance, oxidative stress, and producing enzymes to regulate it. HBOT can affect sperm functionality because of oxygen’s impact of sperm mitochondria. 

In dysfunctional erectile, angiogenesis can reverse the disruption of vascular blood flow in the penis, which is usually present in 60% of such cases. It also reduces testicular ischemia-reperfusion damage so it could be used as a preventive treatment for secondary infertility in situations of testicular torsion and spinal cord injuries.

In Conclusion...

Hyperbaric oxygen treatment can be a helpful therapy that helps to prevent and promote infertility treatment by improving the fertilisation period. It can also generate a favourable environment for successful implantation.

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